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Othman, S. et al. (2012) Affordances of Cul-de-sac in Urban Neighborhoods as Play Spaces for Middle Childhood Children (Journal Article)


This study investigates the affordances of cul-de-sac as play space in Malaysian urban neighbourhood for middle childhood children. Behavioral responses of 82 children experiencing two cul-de-sac in two different residential neighbourhoods were elicited using three methods: semi-structured interviews, observations and survey questionnaire. It is found that cul-de-sac with a monotonous, flat landscape with some vegetation offered less affordances to the children than the one that is a slightly slopping landform with a variety of vegetation. In addition, it is not the aesthetic design of the cul-de-sac but the caregiver's permission and the affordances of sociality that encourage the children to play.

January 2012
  • Free play
  • Outdoor play
  • Physical play
  • Playground
  • Qualitative methodology
  • Social play
  • Construction play
Relevant age group/s:
Research discipline: