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Gauntlett, D. et al. (2012) The Future of Learning (Report)

Abstract:

Learners are often held back not by a lack of intellect, but a lack of confidence. It can determine what projects we start, which projects we complete, and which skills we develop. Learning tools should encourage risk taking and show that ‘failures’ are just opportunities to learn on the journey towards mastery.

Date:
January 2012
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Janet, M. et al. (2015) Play beyond the Foundation Stage: play, self-regulation and narrative skills (Book Section)

Abstract:

This is a must-read book for all students studying early childhood at a range of levels and practitioners who are looking to deepen their understanding of play and playful practices.

Date:
January 2015
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Page/s:
84-93
Synonyms:
  • Academic outcomes
  • Creativity
  • Developmental outcomes
  • Guided-play
  • Literacy
  • Playful learning
  • Pretend play
  • Self-regulation
  • Construction play
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Lee, M. et al. (2018) Culture-specific links between maternal executive function, parenting, and preschool children's executive function in South Korea (Journal Article)

Abstract:

Background Research on the relationships between parental factors and children's executive function (EF) has been conducted mainly in Western cultures. Aim This study provides the first empirical test, in a non-Western context, of how maternal EF and parenting behaviours relate to child EF. Sample South Korean mothers and their preschool children (N = 95 dyads) completed EF tasks. Method Two aspects of parental scaffolding were observed during a puzzle task: contingency (i.e., adjusting among levels of scaffolding according to the child's ongoing evidence of understanding) and intrusiveness (i.e., directive, mother-centred interactions). Results and Conclusions Maternal EF and maternal contingency each accounted for unique variance in child EF, above and beyond child age, child language and maternal education. Maternal intrusiveness, however, was not significantly related to child EF. Additionally, no mediating role of parenting was found in the maternal and child EF link. However, child language was found to partially mediate the link between maternal contingency and child EF. These results complement prior findings by revealing distinctive patterns in the link between maternal EF, parenting behaviours, and child EF in the Korean context.

Date:
January 2018
Volume:
88
Page/s:
216-235
Synonyms:
  • Executive function
  • Language
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Moyles, J. et al. (2017) Developing young children as self-regulated learners (Book Section)

Abstract:

The fourth edition widens the scope of previous topics, aiming to support beginning teachers working and playing with early years.

Date:
January 2017
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Page/s:
121-138
Synonyms:
  • Developmental outcomes
  • Learning
  • Self-regulation
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NCCA, . et al. (2017) How can practitioners support children’s learning through play (3-6 years) (Video Recording)

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Date:
January 2017
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Synonyms:
  • Free play
  • Guided-play
  • Physical play
  • Playful learning
  • Pretend play
  • Social play
  • Teacher/caregiver play
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NCCA, . et al. (2017) Why is play import for young children (3-6 years) from NCCA on Vimeo (Video Recording)

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Date:
January 2017
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Synonyms:
  • Developmental outcomes
  • Games with rules
  • Language
  • Object play
  • Physical play
  • Pretend play
  • Problem-solving
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NCCA, . et al. (2017) Why is play important for babies and toddlers (Birth-3 years) from NCCA on Vimeo (Video Recording)

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Date:
January 2017
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Synonyms:
  • Creativity
  • Developmental outcomes
  • Exploratory play
  • Functional play
  • Language
  • Parent/Guardian play
  • Playfulness
  • Self-regulation
  • Social-emotional
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Pino-Pasternak, D. et al. (2014) Interventions and Classroom Contexts That Promote Self-Regulated Learning: Two Intervention Studies in United Kingdom Primary Classrooms (Journal Article)

Abstract:

This paper has 2 aims: (a) identify pedagogical practices and classroom arrangements that foster self-regulated learning (SRL) on the basis of extant research and (b) illustrate, through the description of 2 intervention studies conducted in the United Kingdom, how those SRL promoting features can be used to design educational interventions appropriate for young students. Through a purposive sample of primary schools, both studies investigated the effects of collaborative problem solving, play, and dialogue on children’s SRL and academic achievement, following quasiexperimental pre- and post-test designs, comprising concurrent (Study 1) and retrospective (Study 2) comparison groups. Assessment and intervention data was video recorded and coded. In Study 1 the intervention group (57 1st grade students) participated in 8 collaborative problem-solving activities. ANOVAs analysis revealed improvements in declarative and monitoring aspects of SRL with enhanced improvements for initially low SRL students. In Study 2 (ongoing; 108 1st, 3rd, and 5th grade students) participants engage in 12 episodes of pretence and constructional play involving LEGO©, used to stimulate the generation of different genres of texts. Preliminary findings indicate positive uptake of the programme by students and teachers.

Date:
January 2014
Publisher or Journal:
Volume:
23
Page/s:
Synonyms:
  • Academic outcomes
  • Collaborative skills
  • Cross-sectional
  • Developmental outcomes
  • Learning
  • Literacy
  • Object play
  • Peers play
  • Pretend play
  • Self-regulation
  • Social-emotional
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Whitebread, D. (1996) The development of children's strategies on an inductive reasoning task (Journal Article)

Abstract:

This paper reports an analysis of children's cognitive strategies on an inductive reasoning task, by means of a new methodological approach. A sample of 72 children aged 6, 8 and 10 were presented with three different versions of a multidimensional discrimination learning task, which was presented in such a way as to ‘optimise’ their performance. Their responses were analysed in terms of 10 Strategy Components, scores on which were analysed by means of cluster analysis. Overall, the children performed at more sophisticated levels than previously found. Five Strategy Clusters representing distinct patterns of strategic behaviour were revealed. A developmental sequence was established between these patterns of strategic behaviour and, significantly, two alternative developmental routes relating to strategic style. While the results support a complex model of strategy construction, as revealed by recent research, the distinct nature of the Strategy Clusters points to a discontinuous model of strategy development. This evidence of children's differing abilities to construct and select appropriate strategies in relation to a novel task strongly supports the educational imperative of encouraging children's early use and awareness of cognitive strategies.

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Date:
January 1996
Volume:
66
Page/s:
1-21
Synonyms:
  • Developmental outcomes
  • Problem-solving
  • Self-regulation
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Whitebread, D. (1999) Interactions between children's metacognitive abilities, working memory capacity, strategies and performance during problem-solving (Journal Article)

Abstract:

This paper reports two related studies intended to explore the interactions between children's metacognitive abilities, their working memory capacity, the development and selection of strategies and their performance on problem-solving tasks. In the first study, a sample of 20 children aged 5 and 6 were presented with a reclassification task. In the second study, a sample of 72 children aged 6, 8 and 10 were presented with a multidimensional discrimination learning (MDL) task. Data was collected related to the children's metacognitive abilities, working memory capacity, response strategies and task performance. The results indicated that performance on both tasks was dependent upon developmentally changing interactions between these various aspects of cognitive functioning. In particular, the relationship of working memory capacity to performance was dependent upon metacognitive abilities. The results also suggested that metacognitive awareness did not directly affect performance, but that such a relationship was dependent upon the development of strategic control. The implications of these results for understanding U-shaped behavioural growth and other common developmental patterns are discussed. Within the educational sphere, the study emphasises the significance and possibility for children as learners of fostering certain kinds of metacognitive ability. Cet article rapporte les résultats de deux recherches destinées à explorer les interactions entre capacités métacognitives de l'enfant, capacité de la mémoire de travail, développement et sélection de stratégies, et performances à des tâches de résolution de problème. Dans la première étude, un échantillon de 20 enfants âgés de 5 ou 6 ans, était soumis à une tâche de reclassification. Dans la deuxième recherche, un échantillon de 72 enfants âgés de 6, 8 ou 10 ans était confronté à une tâche d'apprentissage de discrimination multidimensionnelle. Les résultats montrent que les performances aux deux tâches, dépendent des changements développementaux dans l'interaction entre les différents aspects du fonctionnement cognitif cités plus haut et mesurés dans cette recherche. En particulier, les relations entre mémoire de travail et performance dépendent des compétences métacognitives. Les résultats montrent aussi que la conscience métacognitive n'affecte pas directement les performances, mais que la relation entre les deux dépend du développement du contrôle stratégiques. Les explications des ces résultats pour l'interprétation des patrons de développement courants ou des évolutions en forme de U sont discutées. Dans le champ de l'éducation, l'étude contribue à mettre en valeur l'intérêt et la possibiblité d'encourager le développement de certains types de capacités métacognitives.

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Date:
January 1999
Volume:
14
Page/s:
489-507
Synonyms:
  • Developmental outcomes
  • Metacognition
  • Problem-solving
  • Self-regulation
  • Working memory
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